Given the hustle-bustle and hectic life surrounding us these days, geysers or water heating systems have become vital to everybody and every household.
Be it a cold winter morning or a no-sunshine rainy day; a geyser is the quickest way to heat the water for bathing purposes. However, we assume you must have come across several types of geysers if you are looking for one. We also know that you must be confused about which geyser is best, gas or electric. It might be hard to choose what is best between a gas geyser and an electric geyser, especially if you’re new to the world of geysers. However, you need to look at both the strengths and limitations to figure out what suits you the best. So, to help you further, in this blog, we have compared gas geyser vs electric geysers in detail.
The reason for the popularity of electric geysers in a majority of households is due to their simplicity and easy-to-use advantage. It must be noted that many modifications have already been implemented in the electric geyser models over the years. However, its basic principle remains the same in all of the models. Here, heat is generated by copper wires with the help of electricity. This, in turn, increases the temperature of the water. Certain types of materials are employed to protect the heating elements from melting.
1. Types Of Electric Geysers
There are 2 types of electric geysers:
Storage geysers: This variety of geysers are available with an auto-cut function that helps to store water after it gets heated. It avoids mishaps that might occur as a result of geyser overheating. In addition, the geyser’s efficiency is improved. It is a great idea to purchase a storage geyser if you forget to turn off the geyser once switched on. The tanks of storage geysers are composed of non-corrosive, hot-resistant materials for the storage of heated water. These geysers are considered highly durable as they prevent the water from reacting against its material.
Instant geysers are not usually considered a viable option. These geysers allow you instantly heat the water and then take a shower with it. However, these aren’t available in markets, so their servicing might be complex as well. Instant Geysers are small and have limited capacity and heat water for constant usage immediately. They’re ideally suited for small families or individuals requiring less water.
If you are still confused between the two types of geysers, you can read more about them in detail in our article, Instant Vs Storage Geyser.
2. Advantages Of Electric Geysers
Easy to use: Operating and handling an electric geyser is more accessible as they do not include flammable gas.
Environment-friendly: Due to a very low carbon footprint, electric geysers are considered eco-friendly. In addition, they don’t cause pollution as well. In fact, they are quite energy-efficient. If you care about the environment, then electrical geysers are the way forward.
Long-lasting: Owing to modern technology, these sorts of geysers endure longer than their gas counterparts.
Longer lifetime: Furthermore, electric geysers are comparatively low maintenance than gas geysers.
High-Efficiency: Electric geysers offer up to 80-94 percent greater efficiency than gas geysers, making them the most beneficial heating water equipment at home.
Safe to use: These water heaters do not require manual handling. Hence, electric geysers can be considered the safest water heaters in commercial markets.
Easy Maintenance: Electric geysers are almost maintenance-free or require little annual maintenance. It’s also easy to repair these geysers.
Highly durable: Electric heaters are constructed with very durable heat-safe materials. It can endure more than 10 years with a great lifespan.
3. Disadvantages Of Electric Geysers
Susceptible to power blackouts: As electric geysers reply entirely upon electricity to heat water rather than fuel, they are useless in case of power cuts.
Longer heating period: The process of heating water in an electric geyser is time taking as it uses a copper coil rather than direct heat for the same.
Costly: When compared with gas geysers, electronic geysers are expensive.
4. Best Use Of An Electric Geyser
Electric geysers are the most suited in smaller bathrooms with a limited number of users. Most families choose electrical geysers since they are easy to maintain and are comparatively safer than gas geysers. These heaters are considered the safest of all geysers. If all of these advantages and details persuade you to buy an electric geyser, you can check our article on some of the best geysers and one of best electrical geyser in Racold Omnis Water Heater.
If you wonder how does gas geyser works, let me tell you they utilize LPG (Liquid Petroleum Gas) for heating purposes. There is no restricted power to heat water in these kinds of geysers. Gas geysers deliver hot water with constant flow and quick heating. Gas geysers are less powerful and quick to recover than electric geysers. It is obvious that they are the right choice for larger families.
1. Types Of Gas Geysers
Instant Gas Geysers: These are also known as tankless gas water heaters. These types of gas geysers depend entirely upon an instant heating facility and have no storage capacity. Instant geysers are best suited for people who don’t require a large quantity of water in a single go. Most producers of gas geysers in India only supply instant gas geysers.
Storage Geyser: These types of geysers are best suited for people needing larger quantities of hot water. They can be easily repaired due to the simplicity in their operation as well as construction. Geyser storage is a prevalent form of geyser on the market. However, such gas geysers in India are relatively rare.
2. Advantages Of Gas Geysers
Rapid heating: When it comes to heating water faster, gas geysers smash their electric equivalents. These geysers are appropriate for bigger households in which geysers are widely utilized in short intervals.
User-friendly: These geysers can be operated easily, i.e., they can hassle-freely change the gas flow input and regulate the required heating rate. The heating level can be adjusted easily according to the user’s preference. This function is not available in electric geysers.
Electricity-free operation: You don’t require electricity to run a gas geyser.
Perfect for bigger households: Due to their enormous capacity and size, gas geysers are considered ideal for medium to large families.
Easy repair: These geysers don’t involve any complex components; they are quite easy to repair.
Budget-friendly: These sorts of geysers are pretty inexpensive.
3. Disadvantages Of Gas Geysers
Complex Installation: To properly install a gas geyser in your restroom, you will need expert help. You would also have to pay a lot for the installation process.
Not so safe: Because of handling combustible gas, gas geysers are comparatively unsafe than electrical geysers.
Requires a lot of space: To install a gas geyser, you need a lot of additional space in your bathroom. This is because it requires an LPG cylinder that takes up more space. Moreover, housing a gas geyser requires proper ventilation in your bathrooms.
Unhealthy: A gas geyser is not a healthy household water heater because of the poisonous gases produced by the combustion of PNG and LPG. Long exposure to this gas may result in the gas geyser syndrome.
Requires adequate ventilation: Since these geysers handle flammable gas and create hazardous gases such as carbon monoxide, ventilation in the bedroom and bathroom must be sufficient.
Shorter lifespan: These geysers have less longevity and shorter lifespan than their gas burners.
Increased operating costs: Operation costs are comparatively high as natural gas prices in India are on the higher side.
4. Best Use Of Gas Geyser
These geysers are said to be ideal for houses with a large number of family members. Gas geysers can heat around 50 gallons of water within an hour. Gas geysers are even employed in factories where quick heating for several taps is necessary. But don’t choose gas geysers if you don’t need them, as they’re not very eco-friendly. Hovewer, if gas geysers are something you desire, look at our article on the best gas geysers available in India.
Electric Geyser Vs Gas Geyser
|FACTOR||ELECTRIC GEYSER||GAS GEYSER|
|User Friendly||Everything is mostly automaticSingle touch uses once installed||Everything is manually operated|
|Easy installation||Easy installationInstallation involves just 1 electric connection||It requires Gas line or LPG connectionIt requires a ventilation systemInstallation is a bit tricky|
|Working principle||Electricity is transformed from the copper wires/coil into heat energy, and hot water is supplied via the tubing on the basis of the convection principle.||The heated water in these geysers comes from the gas burner located underneath a large tank and is delivered via pipes.|
|Lifespan||Approximately 8+ years of lifespanThe longevity of such geysers is high because they include heating coils and work on electricity.||Since it works on the principle of conventional heating, this type of geyser has less lifespan i.e., up to 5 years.|
|Heating time||Heating time is generally longer than gas geysers. However, stored models tend to deliver instantly.||Heats up water faster than the electric versions, approximately three times quicker.|
|Space||Electric geysers need less or no space at all as they are mounted on the wall.||Gas geysers take up more space along with extra space for housing LPG cylinders and a proper ventilation system.|
|Environment-friendly||There is no direct pollution.||Chances of pollution are high due to the emission of highly toxic Carbon monoxide.|
|Safety||The electric geysers are considered the safest solution and, for different features and models, primarily suggested for home use.||The operation is a bit risky and unsafe as LPG is extremely flammable.|
|Budget||A bit expensive.||Cost-effective|
1. Gas Geyser Vs Electric Geyser: Which Is Safer?
When it comes to safety, electric geysers win without an iota of doubt. Although a short circuit in an electric geyser may be problematic, it only damages the geyser. But, to heat water, a gas geyser requires LPG gas. A minor LPG gas leak may result in an event chain leading to a fire on your property. In addition, there are also many sediments on the gas geysers that are placed at the foot of a tank, leading to the slug being discharged. Otherwise, the possibilities of a hazardous chemical reaction might also grow!
2. Gas Geyser Vs Electric Geyser: Cost Of Heating?
Gas geysers have an energy efficiency of as high as 85%. This means even though 15% of heat is lost, 85% of the heat is still utilized for heating the water. The electric geysers are nearly 100% efficient since all the heat is used for heating up water. The below cost comparison table is regarding the cost of raising the temperature of 6L of water by 25 degrees.
|Unit Definition||1 Cylinder (14.2 kgs LPG)||1 SCM||1 kWH|
|Energy (Joules) per unit||654620000||41868000||3600000|
|Energy (Joules) per unit factoring efficiency||556427000||35587800||3600000|
|Units required to heat 6L of water by 25 degrees||0.001132224||0.017702696||0.175|
|Cost per unit (₹)||Rs 423 (Subsidised),||Rs 23||Rs 5|
|Rs 750 (UnSubsidised)|
|Cost of heating 6L water (₹)||Rs 0.48 (Subsidised),||Rs 0.41||Rs 0.875|
|Rs 0.85 (UnSubsidised)|
3. Gas Geyser Vs Electric Geyser: Time Taken To Heat Water?
Nearly every type of gas geyser can heat over 50 liters of water instantaneously. Electricity is not necessary, and thus power cuts are not going to affect its working. Now, if we talk about electric geysers, most of them are automated and need no effort. For each electric geyser variant, heating time is defined so that you may count on hot water when necessary.
Additionally, with electric geysers, extra ventilation or fume outlets are not necessary. In this situation, an instant electric water heater might be superior to the gas ones as you can save a lot of time with these geysers. Instant geysers might nevertheless provide even more comfort by delivering hot water instantly for any urgent use.
4. Electric Geyser Vs Gas Geyser: Space Required
As electric geysers are mostly mounted on the wall, they occupy comparatively less amount of space or no space at all. However, gas geysers are large and require a lot of space in your bathrooms. It additionally involves the placing of LPG and ventilation outlets, thereby increasing the space consumption. One should consider buying an electric model unless they have a big spacious room.
5. Electric Geyser Vs Gas Geyser: Environmental Impact
The presence of LPG, carbon monoxide releases, and hydrocarbon combustion in Gas Geysers are proven to be harmful to the environment. But in the case of electric geysers, they are hands down the safest option out there. This is because they do not disperse hazardous gas or pollutants, unlike gas geysers.
6. Electric Geyser Vs Gas Geyser: Price And Maintenance Cost
Gas models involve conventional heating techniques to burn hydrocarbons, i.e., by using burners. That is why the aspect of life expectancy of these geysers tends to fluctuate. Even its pricing is more than the electric geysers concerning the cost of ventilation, outlets, and LPG. However, when it comes to pricing and maintenance, Electric Geysers has an entirely different scenario. Copper and electrical heat conversion are very dependable and will thus last longer. Even though electric geysers are a little more expensive than gas versions, they need less maintenance.
How To Compare The Geyser Models
1. Type Of Geyser
Gas Geyser has various advantages and might be an ideal appliance for large households. If you require instant heating, you can probably pick a Gas Geyser. But in this situation, it is necessary to have sufficient ventilation and a large area for fumes. However, Electric Geyser is a helpful, safe, and long-life household device as well.
Both electric, as well as gas geysers, need good and basic maintenance in the long run. But the maintenance requirement in the case of electric models is a lot less. You should note that the gas models will cost a fortune, given that the burners are prone to damages. This is why you have to maintain them regularly and keep them clean. On the other hand, electric geysers may be damaged by short circuits and certain other causes. Stabilizers and correct ground wiring are therefore essential.
Due to the continuous burning of hydrocarbons, the life expectancy of gas geysers is usually reduced. These geysers can sustain up to only 8 years (maximum) because of their conventional working mode. Whereas electric geysers, due to the hassle-free effective energy conversion, last longer. Gas burners are more prone to damage, and often one has to visit the service centers in search of spare parts and repairs. Simple electric circuits support electric geysers, on the other hand. Unless there is a power spike, these circuits will not get affected.
Electric geysers are far better for home and industrial use than gas versions when it comes to safety. Similarly, the electric water heaters fail to deliver the recovery rate as in Gas Geysers. However, when it comes to safety, sacrificing speed should not be an issue.
We have come to an end of the gas geyser vs electric geyser battle, and we believe, by now, you must have got the answer to which geyser is best gas or electric. And the winner is quite apparent here. The safety and reliability of electric geysers are the highest. In addition, its user-friendly nature, along with the storage facility, makes it a superior option to gas geysers. Furthermore, electric water heaters offer the best possible service, which the gas geysers do not. Electric models may be wall-mounted, due to which they save a lot of space, making them a better choice against the gas models. Also, there is no water storage facility available in gas geysers. In addition, these geysers are more prone to mishaps. Hence, it would be a wise decision to go for an electric model to sum it up.